Alcoholism Research Paper - EssayEmpire


research paper on alcoholism

Underage Drinking And Alcoholism Research - Jason McKelvey Mrs. Potts Lit. of the Americas 16 October Underage Drinking/Alcoholism Research Paper Topic Sent. Underage drinking and Alcoholism is a huge problem in the United States, and as a society we need to make a change with how everyone sees this problem. Alcohol Abuse Research Paper Alcohol Abuse Research Papers discuss the affects of alcohol on the body. Like marijuana, alcohol abuse has behavioral, cognitive, and physical side difference between the two is that the adverse effects of alcohol consumption are more widely known, and usually more severe than those associated with marijuana use and abuse. Sep 20,  · If you have to complete a research paper about alcoholism we recommend that your first step is clarification of topic and its focusing. Here is a list of topics you can use for your paper and some guidelines for successful research completion. Topics for a research paper on alcoholism. Usual symptoms of alcoholism/5(K).

Alcohol Abuse Research Papers on the Affects of Alcohol on the Body

This sample Alcoholism Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. If you need help writing your assignment, please use our research paper writing service and buy a paper on any topic at affordable price. Also check our tips on how to write a research papersee the lists of psychology research paper topicsand browse research paper examples.

Some alcohol problems are severe and involve substantial consumption of alcohol, which results in multiple physical and psychosocial problems. In order to understand the problematic use of alcohol, it is helpful first to consider what constitutes a state of health with regard to its use.

Alcohol has held a common, even honored, research paper on alcoholism in the daily life of many cultures for thousands of years. It has been an element central to religious observances in Judeo- Christian and other faiths, and has often been part of important social and cultural events as well.

Wine has long been recommended to promote physical health, and indeed recent scientific evidence indicates a consistent association between moderate drinking and longevity, although the reasons for this link are still poorly understood.

At the same time, it is abundantly clear that heavier drinking is often associated with devastating consequences to the individual and to society. Alcohol is involved in about half of all traffic fatalities, and a substantial proportion of fatal falls, drownings, deaths by fire, homicides, and suicides. Excessive drinking is also closely linked to violence, crime, injuries, and a plethora of chronic diseases. The relationship of alcohol to health can thus be understood as a continuum.

At one end of the continuum are abstainers, those who do not drink alcohol at all, who constitute more than one-third of adults in the United States.

Such people obviously have no negative consequences related to their own drinking. The average consumption for this large group is about three or four drinks per week. They fall largely within the limits for safe drinking recommended by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism: not more than two drinks per day for men, and not more than one drink per day for women, with some alcohol- free days each week.

When moderation is exceeded, or when one drinks at all in dangerous situations, one enters the realm of risky drinking, research paper on alcoholism, which includes both acute and chronic risk.

Acute risk has to do with the immediate effects of intoxication. Even low levels of alcohol in the bloodstream, for example, can significantly impair driving ability. The only safe blood alcohol level behind the wheel is zero. A small amount of impairment from intoxication can also be lethal when combined with activities such as water sports, skiing, hunting, climbing, or using power tools, where minor misjudgments can have major consequences.

There is no known safe level of drinking during pregnancy. Perhaps one of the most dangerous aspects of intoxication is that above very moderate doses, perception and judgment are among the first abilities to be impaired. Chronic risk, on the other hand, has to do with the long-term effects of drinking.

Heavy drinking is closely linked to a wide range of health problems, research paper on alcoholism, at least doubling the risk for heart disease, cancers of many types, and hypertension. Risks for liver disease and for cancers of the mouth and gastrointestinal system are greatly increased by drinking above moderate levels, research paper on alcoholism. Harmful drinking is when negative consequences from drinking actually occur.

In addition to adverse effects on physical health and appearance, common types include legal problems, social consequences, damage to relationships, financial problems, and emotional disturbance. Because alcohol is a depressant drug, depression is often caused or exacerbated by heavy drinking. In college students, drinking level has a strong and research paper on alcoholism relationship to grade point average.

Memory problems are common in heavy drinkers, and the occurrence of memory blackouts is associated with brain impairment from alcohol. A majority of crimes resulting in imprisonment are committed under the influence of alcohol, which is also associated with domestic violence. Alcohol dependence occurs as a person develops a pattern of alcohol use that results in substantial impairment in functioning, research paper on alcoholism.

Such tolerance is misleading, however, because while it appears that the person is unaffected, in fact he or she has a sufficiently high blood alcohol level to cause serious acute and chronic risk. Gradually, the body adjusts to the presence of alcohol, so that sobering up results in unpleasant experiences such as hangovers, insomnia, agitation, or nervousness, sweating, research paper on alcoholism, and trembling. In the extreme, alcohol can produce a withdrawal syndrome stronger and considerably more life-threatening than that associated with heroin addiction.

Other features of alcohol dependence include drinking more or for a longer time than intended, failed attempts to reduce or stop drinking, and foregoing other important activities in favor of drinking. What is the normal course of human development with regard to alcohol? The answer to this question is quite specific to culture. In some cultures, the normal course is lifelong abstention from alcohol.

In Mexico, binge drinking is common among males, whereas women are usually abstainers. Large general population surveys reveal that a majority of Americans drink alcohol. Inresearchers conducting the National Health Interview Survey interviewed more than 40, research paper on alcoholism, people about their alcohol consumption.

At one end of the continuum, about one-third of men and one-half of women were classified as abstainers—individuals who drink less than once per year or not at all.

Most individuals were classified as either light drinkers, consuming I to 13 drinks per month, or moderate drinkers, consuming 4 to 13 drinks per week. Although most Americans drink without negative consequences, research paper on alcoholism, a significant minority of individuals are found at the harmful end of the use continuum.

Recent research paper on alcoholism estimate that Drinking at these levels becomes increasingly dominated by men, who drink more often, in greater quantities, and report more frequent episodes of intoxication than women, research paper on alcoholism.

In fact, studies find that men are more than three times more likely to be diagnosed with alcohol abuse or dependence at any age than are women. In addition to gender, drinking patterns are affected by age. After little or no drinking during childhood, alcohol use increases sharply during adolescence and peaks in young adulthood. Young adults drink in greater quantities, show the highest rates of binge drinking and problems related to alcohol use, and show the highest rates of alcohol abuse and dependence of any age group.

The percentage of abstainers increases with age, although it is thought that heavier drinkers may be research paper on alcoholism likely to show stability of heavy drinking over time. This decrease in the research paper on alcoholism of people who use and abuse alcohol continues into older adulthood. Adults over age 65 have the lowest rates of alcohol abuse, dependence, and alcohol-related negative consequences of any age group. Some longitudinal research suggests that drinking patterns remain fairly stable over time, with the decreased rates of use and problems in older adulthood being attributable to increased mortality of heavy drinkers.

Although studies of general population samples indicate that consumption and problems are greatest during the young adult years, studies have found that minority groups do not always follow this pattern. For example, Blacks have been found to show low rates of heavy drinking in young adulthood, followed by increased rates of heavy drinking and problems in their adult years.

Importantly, rates of abstinence are higher among Blacks of all ages, especially among Black females. Research has also found variations by age from general population samples research paper on alcoholism patterns of drinking among Hispanics. In a way that is similar to non-Hispanic Whites, heavy drinking and associated problems increase during the young adult years among Hispanics.

Hispanic men, however, show a smaller decrease in heavy drinking and problems from young adulthood to adulthood than that found among general population samples. In addition, Hispanic women show higher rates of abstention at all ages than non-Hispanic White women.

Importantly, research with Hispanic samples is complicated by the practice of studying individuals of Mexican, Cuban, and Puerto Rican descent together, ignoring the substantial cultural and geographic differences among these groups as well as their different rates of drinking and attitudes toward alcohol use.

American Indians tend to show higher rates of alcohol problems than the general population, with a death rate from alcohol dependence that is more than five times higher than the rate for other races. Patterns vary widely by tribal affiliation, research paper on alcoholism, however, with some tribes drinking more than the general population average and others drinking less.

Alcohol use among American Indians is highest and is associated with the greatest number research paper on alcoholism negative consequences through young and middle adulthood, with a decline in consumption in the forties. Whatever the population, it is clear that a significant minority of individuals drink in an excessive or harmful way. What causes alcohol problems? Historically, this question too often has been answered by pointing to a single cause.

In the nineteenth century, drunkenness was the mark of a sinful person who lacked morals or will power. It is clear, however, that there are many causes of alcohol problems, which develop out of interacting biological, environmental, and cognitive factors that begin early in life and continue over the course of development.

At various points in development, different factors have more or less of an influence on drinking behavior. Much research has shown that genetics play a role in the development of alcohol problems. This research studies individuals with varying degrees of genetic relatedness to individuals with alcohol problems, and observes the rates at which these different relatives develop alcohol problems themselves.

For example, family pedigree studies look at biological relatives of alcohol dependent adults; twin studies examine the rates at which identical and fraternal twins both develop alcohol problems; adoption studies follow children of alcohol dependent individuals who have been adopted by individuals without alcohol problems.

The results of contemporary genetic studies strongly support a role for genetics in the development of alcohol problems, particularly among sons of alcohol dependent parents, who are three to four times more likely to develop alcohol problems than sons of nonalcohol dependent parents. Knowing that genetics plays a part in the development of alcohol problems, researchers research paper on alcoholism now turned their attention to identifying those processes or deficits that might be genetically transmitted and contribute to alcohol problems.

As children are required to function more independently, they learn skills to help them evaluate situations and change behavior such as self-monitoring of functioning, evaluating functioning in comparison to a standard, and designing and implementing behavior change if needed, research paper on alcoholism.

Some children make this transition readily, while others fail to become competent self-regulators. Temperamentally difficult children- those showing poor behavioral control, hyperactivity, and impulsivity—are thought to have poor self-regulation.

Such children can be difficult to parent. Their heightened activity interferes in the development of self-control skills, as well as in the formation of strong relationships with others such as parents research paper on alcoholism would help them develop these skills. As individuals develop and are required to behave more autonomously, research paper on alcoholism, individuals who research paper on alcoholism poor self-regulators may be less able to change their behaviors to meet new challenges.

As a result, they rely on external sources of regulation such as alcohol and drugs, which in turn tend to impair self-regulation still further. A large body of research has shown that temperamentally difficult children show a greater likelihood of developing alcohol problems as adults.

Although genetic and biological processes contribute to the development of alcohol problems, environmental factors are also strongly involved. Difficulties in temperament and self-regulation can be thought of as risk factors that interact with personal and environmental factors to lead to the development of alcohol problems.

Social learning models of alcohol use and problems emphasize the importance of social reinforcers—reactions from others in the social world that either reward or punish particular behaviors. Positive reactions serve to reinforce drinking behavior, while negative research paper on alcoholism punish such behavior. What environmental factors might be important to drinking behavior? There are multiple levels of environmental influence—more immediate influences include family members and peers, while farther removed factors include aspects of society, culture, and religion.

Family and peers strongly influence drinking behaviors by setting examples, altering availability of alcohol, and by encouraging or discouraging alcohol use. Much evidence suggests that adolescents and young adults tend to hold attitudes toward alcohol research paper on alcoholism show drinking behaviors that are like those of their parents and peers: young individuals who drink tend to have parents and peers who drink.

Through these links with drinking others, young people observe the positive features of drinking, learn how to drink, and receive positive feedback for their drinking.

Similarly, peer influence appears to have a particularly strong impact on drinking in adolescence and young adulthood. Heavy-drinking youth typically are involved with similarly heavy-drinking peers. Such drinking networks may serve to teach adolescents and young adults how to drink, research paper on alcoholism appropriate or inappropriate drinking behavior, and reward such behavior with attention, movement into a higher social status, and an identity as a drinker.

Along these lines, Jessor describes a problem-behavior theory in which proneness both to problem drinking and to other problem behaviors in youth results from an interaction of personality, environmental, and behavioral systems.


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research paper on alcoholism


Alcoholism Research Paper. Alcohol is a huge problem in the world today. It was mans first drug (Monroe, , p.5). So now “alcoholism is the number one drug problem in the United States” (Monroe, , p). So in my research paper I will tell you the problems, solutions, and the basics of alcohol. Researchers believe that alcohol. Alcoholism research paper due and don’t know how to start it? How about like this? Research papers on alcoholism are important because alcohol is the most widely used, psychoactive drug in the United States today, contributing to more than , deaths annually and making it the third leading cause of preventable mortality. Sep 17,  · Free research papers, free research paper samples and free example research projects on Alcoholism topics are plagiarized. is professional research paper writing service which is committed to write top-quality custom research .